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  • Subject is exactly "Iron Mines of Chester, Northern New Jersey"

The Chester Railroad Company was critical to the expansion of the iron industry in Chester. Stations such as this afforded both experienced and novice miners easy access to the thirty eight mines opened in the area.

The Miller's House is an excellent example of what was known as a Patch House. With the influx of miners as more shafts were opened, housing needed to be quickly provided. Patch Houses received their names due to the fact that they were quickly…

The Chester Furnace was the centerpiece of the iron mining industry in the area. Unlike other area furnaces, The Chester Furnace was state of the art. While other furnaces relied on charcoal, The Chester Furnace relied upon anthracite fuel, which…

Though the present building was constructed in 1826 by Nathan Cooper, milling flour on this site had been going on since 1760 when Isaiah Younglove set up his milling operation there. The Black River area was ideal for mills because of the large…

Daniel Budd and his family were instrumental to the growth of the iron industry in Chester. He not only owned a forge in nearby Hackelbarney, but he was also president of the Chester Railraod.

This church not only served the Presbyterian community in Chester and Mendham, but also members from nearby Roxbury and Mt. Olive. Built in 1852, miners and farmers would have worshipped side by side at this location in the 1880's

Built in 1856, this building is the oldest Congregational church west of the Hudson River. The church's prior site was built in 1747 nearby.

This factory has had several different owners over the decades. It began life in 1844 the Van Doren Brothers built threashing machines for the area farms. Mine baron Daniel Budd housed Davidson Manufacturing in this building after the Civil War. The…

The location of Howell's General store, which served the townspeople, farmers and miners alike, is today a convenience store.

This building was constructed in 1870 for town doctor Dr. Smith Hedges. It also contained a wallpaper and printing business owned by George Conover. Later in the 1880s the building also served as the town post office.

Commissioned in 1808, John Haines of Chester owned 10 shares in the company was was designated it's director. This was a major transportation artery in Northern New Jersey and vital to the growth of the agricultural communities and the mines.

Was known as The Brick Hotel in Chester's mining heyday and built in 1810. It was one of the earliest tavern/hotels in the area. The building was purchased by area mining greats Daniel Budd and Perry Skellenger, who wanted to build a school nearby.

This ore sample was extracted from the Swayze Mine in nearby Roxbury, New Jersey. It is yet another example of the different types of ore found in Northern New Jersey available to the miners of Chester

A length of heavy grade railroad rail found outside of the Chester Blast Furnace.

Railroad spikes would fasten the heavy iron railroad tracks to the ground. Larger spikes were commonly used on standard grade railroad tracks and smaller spikes would be used in constructing railcar switches.

Slag is the by-product of the smelting or iron ore. As the smelting process nears it's conclusion, the ore's impurities rises to the surface of the molten iron. Different smelting processes produce varying types of slag. In the 1880's it was common…

This mineral is common to Northern New Jersey. Metallic iron ores are normally found in bands underground called banded iron formations. These minerals are high in iron oxide and are commonly inserted into a blast furnace during process known as…
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